Efektivitas Bobath Exercises dan Massage Pada Pasien Cerebral Palsy

Suharto Suharto, Arpandjam'an Arpandjam'an, Suriani Dappe

Abstract


ABSTRACT

 

The main problems of the subject of this study were spasticity and the ability to sit, due to a non-progressive brain disorder. This disorder is accompanied by an inability to control posture and balance.

This type of research is an experimental design with a pre test - post test one group with the aim of knowing the effectiveness of bobath exercise and massage on reducing spasticity and sitting ability of research subjects. The research was carried out at the Makassar Special School, with a research sample of 17 cerebral palsy patients who met the research criteria.The results of the study for spasticity obtained p value = 0.00 and the ability to sit research subjects obtained p value = 0.001.Conclusion : Bobath exercises and massage can improve sitting ability and reduce spasticity in research subjects.

Keywords: Bobath exercises, Massage, Spasticity, sitting Cerebral palsy

 

ABSTRAK

 

         Poblem utama subjek penelitian ini adalah spastisitas dan kemampuan duduk, karena  gangguan otak yang non progresif. Gangguan ini disertai ketidakmampuan  mengontrol postur dan keseimbangan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah experiment dengan desain pre test – post test one  group  dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas bobath exercsise dan massage terhadap penurunan spastisitas dan kemampuan duduk subjek penelitian.  Penelitian dilaksanakan di Sekolah Luar Biasa Makassar, dengan sampel penelitian sebanyak 17 pasien cerebral palsy yang memenuhi kriteria penelitian. Hasil penelitian untuk spastisitas diperoleh nilai p= 0.00 dan kemampuan duduk subjek penelitan di peroleh nilai p =0.001.Kesimpulan :  Bobath exercises  dan massage dapat meningkatkan kemampuan duduk dan menurunkan spastisitas  pada subjek penelitian.

Kata Kunci : Bobath exercises,  Massage, Spastisitas, duduk  Cerebral palsy


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